Russia For You: Sample Programs

Destination
Season
Theme

Uzbekistan Cultural Summer program

10 September  2020
Country / city: Uzbekistan / Tashkent
Season: Summer
Theme: Cultural & Leisure Group

 

HOTEL ACCOMMODATION

 Hyatt Regency Tashkent

Luxury Tashkent Hotel for Business and Leisure

Hyatt Regency Tashkent offers the quintessential location for both business and leisure travelers. Make yourself at home in your spacious guestroom, dine in one of our four restaurants and bars, hold a board meeting or an exclusive event and don’t forget to relax in our pool and spa area. Here, you’ll find that productivity and relaxation are constants during your time in Tashkent.

Hyatt Regency Tashkent offers bright, spacious guestrooms with floor-to-ceiling windows that are elegantly decorated with contemporary furniture and locally inspired artwork. Each guestroom has a generous workspace with ergonomic chair and charging station, and bathrooms feature a soothing walk-in rain shower with separate bathtub. Regency Club rooms and suites include access to the Regency Club Lounge on the sixth floor, serving complimentary evening cocktails and hors d'oeuvres.

 OPTIONAL: International Hotel Tashkent

«INTERNATIONAL HOTEL TASHKENT» – offers a wide range of modern amenities and equipment for holding negotiations, meetings, conferences and other events. Amir Temur and Crystal Ballroom halls are designed for events of up to 500 people. Both rooms have a spacious lobby. And there is a stable access to Wi-Fi throughout the hotel.

«International Hotel Tashkent» is the first five-star hotel in Uzbekistan. It was built in 1997. This comfortable hotel is located in the business center of Tashkent. Uzexpocentre, International Business Center and National Bank are not far from it. The hotel is located on the shore of the lake, and in the immediate vicinity of it is a remarkable beauty of the Japanese Garden.

The hotel has a very rich infrastructure: there are several restaurants, 6 conference rooms, a business center, a nightclub, a bar and much more.

 OPTIONAL: Hilton Tashkent City

Located in Tashkent, Hilton Tashkent City has a bar and a terrace. Among the facilities of this property are a restaurant, indoor pool and a Pan-Asian rooftop restaurant with city views. The property offers a 24-hour front desk and room service, along with free WiFi throughout.

All rooms are equipped with air conditioning, minibar, free WiFi and flat-screen TV. A private bathroom comes with a separate walk-in rain shower and bath, hairdryer and slippers. Free toiletries are featured.

For dining options, Shosh Restaurant serves a daily buffet breakfast while Uzbek and international dishes are served at lunch. The Tumbler Bar, which locates on the terrace, serves traditional bar dishes. Lobby Lounge offers guests the opportunity to hold a business or friendly meeting over a cup of tea or coffee. City 21 Pan Asian Restaurant & Lounge is located on the 21st floor--the highest place in the city with a seasonal outdoor terrace, lounge bar and a separate room for a family or business dinner. The menu includes southeast Asian dishes, creative cocktails and alcoholic drinks.

 Radisson Blu Hotel Tashkent 4*

Welcome to Tashkent, the beautiful capital of Uzbekistan and an active business hub of Central Asia. Based in the city's bustling business district, our sophisticated hotel is close to several major offices as well as top tourist attractions, many of which can be reached on foot.

Featuring free Wi-Fi and a seasonal outdoor pool, this hotel is situated in the centre of Tashkent’s business district. The Aqua Park and the Uzekspocentre Exhibition Centre are a 5-minute walk away.

Decorated in red and gold colours, the rooms at the Radisson Blu Hotel come with a flat-screen TV and a tea/coffee maker. A hairdryer and slippers are provided in the en suite bathroom.

A variety of international cuisine is served in the spacious Brasserie Restaurant. The dining terrace is open during the summer months, with drinks offered at the poolside bar.

Guests can relax in the Raddison Blu’s sauna, or book a massage in some seasons. The centre of Tashkent can be reached on foot in 10 minutes, and the Amir Timur Museum is a 15-minute walk away.

The 24-hour reception can arrange a shuttle service to Tashkent International Airport, a 12-minute drive from the hotel. Free private parking is available.

 

DAY 1 — 19th July 2020, Sunday

 Meeting with national folkloric show at the airport

Start your experience of getting to know Uzbek culture right upon arrival. You will be met by musical ensemble. The professionalism in Uzbek music art developed as early as the beginning of the first millennium AD. Famous for their mastery, there were musicians of a wide variety of genres.

 Transfer from the airport to the hotel

Transfer from the airport to the city center will take about 30 min.

Islam Karimov Tashkent International Airport is the main international airport of Uzbekistan and the 3rd busiest airport in Central Asia (after Almaty International Airport and Nursultan Nazarbayev International Airport in Kazakhstan). It is located 12 km (7.5 miles) from the centre of Tashkent.

The new airport building was commissioned in Tashkent in 1976. Since then millions of people have used its services.14 international routes were open. Including charter flights, the specialists of the capital airport render serve aircrafts flying to almost all countries of Asia and Europe.

In 1995-96 with the assistance of «Shtrabag» and «Fox» as well as Frankfurt-on Maine airport the south and north landing strips were fully reconstructed and equipped with the latest landing signaling systems produced by «Siemens». After that the airport got the second ICAO category and reconstructed the building of domestic airlines where republican transportations are served.

In 2001 the reconstruction of the air building was finished. This allowed the airport of the central airlines to become one of the largest and most comfortable buildings equipped with the latest facilities.

At the same time modern equipment was purchased to render services to passengers and land maintains of all aircraft types.

The reconstruction of landing strips, air building, the latest equipment allowed «Tashkent» international airport to render services to the passengers more comfortably and on higher quality as well as maintain all types of aircrafts used all over the world.

 Must know: climate in Uzbekistan

In Uzbekistan, the climate is arid continental in the vast steppe plains of the central-western part, while it's still continental but moderately rainy (and snowy in winter) in the east, where hills and mountains are found.

Winter is cold, especially in the north: the average temperature in January is around -5 °C in the northernmost areas (the Aral Sea and the northern part of the Kyzyl Kum Desert), while it's slightly above freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) in the central cities of the ancient Silk Road (Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara), and it goes up to 5 °C (41 °F) in the extreme south (see Termez). Summer is hot: the average temperature in July ranges from 26/27 °C (79/81 °F) in the north to 30 °C (86 °F) in the south. In the mountains, the temperature naturally decreases with altitude. Uzbekistan is exposed to cold air masses from Siberia, especially in the north-west, but also in the center-south, where, however, they alternate with warmer air masses coming from the south. The clash of different air masses can cause strong winds, for instance, the warm wind blowing from the south-west, which can bring dust storms.

Precipitation is typical of desert and semi-desert climates in the west, while it's slightly higher, at a semi-arid steppe level, in the central-eastern part. In the mountains, precipitation increases, especially on the more exposed slopes. Summer is sunny, and it's the driest season across the country.

 Must know: Tashkent general info

Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan's largest city (population 2,400,000) is also Central Asia's largest city and its main transportation hub. At present, Tashkent is one of the most important business centers in Central Asia. Present-day Tashkent is one of the most beautiful cities in Asia, and its architecture is unique; the hospitality and friendliness of Tashkent people is amazing. The city is more than 2000 years old, and has evolved from a small ancient settlement to the one of the largest metropolitan areas in the region. Many remarkable events, both in peace and war, have taken place during the history of Tashkent, including many periods of rise and decline. The city is host to Embassies and consulates of many countries of the world, and is known among travelers as a great place to stay and arrange visa and trips throughout the region; Tashkent lies right on the border with Kazakhstan and also is known as the main «gates of the Orient» on international air routes from India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and China to Europe. The Tashkent Metro, currently the only subway in Central Asia, is fantastically designed in a unique, monumental Uzbek-Soviet style. It is never crowded, and the easiest and cheapest way to quickly transit the city. Tashkent is simply bursting with interesting museums, ancient historical sites, lush parks, and a diverse selection of high-quality retaurants, nightclubs and shops.

The city of Tashkent is located within Tashkent Region, which lies in the far northeastern corner of Uzbekistan, near the border with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Its area covers 15,300 sq km; 10% percent of the total population of Uzbekistan lives in the Tashkent Region. The majority are Uzbeks, but more than 90 other nationalities also live here, primarily Russians, Kazakhs, Tajiks, Kyrgyz, and ethnic Koreans. The average population density is more than 146 persons per sq km. The Tashkent Region consists of 15 districts, 16 towns, 17 settlement, and 147 kishlak (villages) councils. It is situated between the western slopes of the Tien Shan Mountains and the Syrdarya river. The Tashkent Region ranks second in Uzbekistan in industrial development. Over 260 enterprises representing 160 industrial branches produce twenty percent of the country's gross output. Principal industries are power generation, mechanical engineering, metallurgy, chemicals, textiles, footwear, and cotton processing and agricultural production.

Tashkent is a city which is famous for its exceptionally valuable architectural heritage. There are many interesting monuments which have been preserved from the Middle Ages; buildings of 19th c. erected by the architects such as A. Benoua, V. Gueintselman and A. Makarov according to European traditions; imposing Soviet era administative and apartment structures; and modern buildings which combine the latest architectural achievements with national style, local picturesque decore and Asian architectural traditions.

The most important monuments date back to the 16th c., the «golden age» of the city's history. Among these are: the Koukeldash Madrassah, the Barak-Khan Madrassah complex, the Suyunige-Khan and Khaffal Shashi Mausoleums, and the Yunus-Khan and Kaldyrgach-Biya Mausoleums.

 Must know: Uzbekistan Visa Requirements

According to the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan foreign citizens and stateless persons can enter Uzbekistan or travel through its territory for transit on the basis of entrance visas only.

Foreign citizens and stateless persons can get visas at the diplomatic representations and consular missions of the Republic of Uzbekistan abroad on the basis of the visa support (confirmation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan).

Visa support is issued on the basis of application of the inviting organization, company and persons who are permanently or temporarily residing in Uzbekistan and submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Processing of visa application is up to 10 working days if documents have been submitted due to the established order.

In order to apply for the visa, foreign citizens and stateless persons are to submit the following documents to the diplomatic representation or consular mission of Uzbekistan abroad:

· passport or document of stateless person, expiry date of which must exceed the visa’s period of validity not less than 3 months;

· 2 copies of duly completed visa application form;

· 2 passport-size colored photos.

For a transit visa foreign citizens and stateless persons in addition to the above mentioned documents must have a visa of the country of final destination and travel documents with confirmed date of departure from Uzbekistan. In this case processing of visa application is 3 working days.

Foreign citizens and stateless persons arriving from the countries where there is no diplomatic representation or consular mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan can get visas upon arrival at the Visa Section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the Tashkent International Airport. In this case the inviting physical or juridical person in Uzbekistan must apply in advance to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan in due order, get visa confirmation (stamp) of the Visa Division of the Consular Department and forward it to the invited person. This confirmation should be shown by invited person while buying an air-ticket and passing through passport control and the visa shall be issued on its basis on arrival at the Visa Section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the Tashkent International Airport.

The legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan has set the following consular fees for the visa issuance:

a) For single entry visas:

· up to 7 days — $40;

· up to 15 days — $50;

· up to 30 days — $60;

· up to 3 months — $80;

· up to 6 months — $120;

· up to 1 year — $160.

Note: For each additional entry the fee shall be increased by $10.

b) For multiple entry visas:

· up to 6 months — $150;

· up to 1 year — $250.

c) For transit visas:

· up to 72 hours — $40;

· double entry transit visa — $50.

d) For group visas (groups must consist of more than 5 persons excluding children under 16 years old):

· up to 15 days — $15 per person;

· up to 30 days — $25 per person.

Except these fees the fees for reimbursement of actual expenses related to the visa issuance (administrative fees) will also be paid. The rates of these fees depend on the place of visa issuance (irrespective of applicant’s citizenship).

Note: Different procedure for issuance of entry visas may be applied to the citizens of those countries that have appropriate bilateral agreements with Uzbekistan.

 Uzbekistan General information

Uzbekistan, in the ancient cradle between the Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya rivers with the area of 447,400 sq km and population 25,981,000, it is the most historically fascinating of the Central Asian republics. Within it are some of the oldest towns in the world, some of the Silk Road's main centres and most of the region's architectural splendours. Ancient cities of Uzbekistan were located on the ancient Silk Road, the trading route between China and the West.

The capital of the country is Tashkent- once the fourth largest city in the former USSR, is Central Asia's hub and has better international flight connections than any other city in the region. You can reach Tashkent by National aircompany Uzbekiston Hava Yollary (has regular flights to London, Paris, Athens, Amsterdam, Frankfurt and meny other cities). In addition you can go by British Airways, Aeroflot or Pulkovo.

88% of the population are Muslim (mostly Sunnis), 9% Eastern Orthodox. Official language- Uzbek, but also Russian and Tajik.

The best period to visit the country is from April-October,the weather is mild and in April the desert blooms briefly. In Fall it's harvest time, and the markets are full of fresh fruit.

In general, there are no strict limitations on clothing, especially in Tashkent and other major cities. In some provinces, however, such as Ferghana Valley, it would be better to avoid wearing shorts. Same rule is applied when visiting religious places, mosques, mausoleums, etc.

Unlike tea, coffee is not popular among Uzbeks. In certain places it is not possible to get coffee. There are rarely hotels offering french coffee, instead there is instant coffee available.

Uzbekistan's official currency is Som. Soms come in banknote denominations of 100, 200, 500, and 1.000. Coins, although exist, are rarely used.

In some places, it is possible to pay by credit cards. Master Card and Visa are accepted.

During the past few years, luxurious hotels were built in Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara, which are managed by western hotel operators. In addition, there are a number of licensed independent hotels and B&B's that provide suitable accommodation at much lower price. It is necessary for visitors to obtain a registration during the stay in Uzbekistan, which is usually provided by the hotel that you will stay. Most tourist hotel rooms have a shower, private bath, air conditioning, telephone, satellite TV with international channels like CNN, BBC, ESPN.

 13:30 Lunch at Assorti Restaurant

The restaurant Assorti offers a wide range of national and international dishes. There are two spacious halls decorated for 130 and 100 persons. The restaurant is open from 12:00 till 23:00.

 19:30 Dinner at AFSONA Restaurant with traditional musical accompaniment

Afsona is the restaurant of a modern Uzbek cuisine. Here ancient culinary traditions are successfully adapted to the modern way of life, taking into account all the requirements of a healthy diet. Unconditional comfort, excellent Uzbek cuisine and stylized design of the restaurant «Afsona» attract guests and residents of the capital, who also want to watch the fascinating process of cooking national dishes. The restaurant's kitchen is open.

Open: 11:00 — 23:00

Capacity: 55 seats

 

DAY 2 — 20th July 2020, Monday

 09:30 — 22:30 Transport & Guide Full Day (14 hours)

Transportation in according to stated time and hours can be used with or without guide. We recommend to have assistance to enable assistance with translation — non English speaking drivers — and providing general help and explanations.The vehicles presented on the pictures above are samples of vehicles used but not necessarily provided during the actual transportation confirmed. Beverages (mineral water) can be supplied only upon extra order. Please note restrictions of drinking and eating in some vehicles. For full day use or assistance of guide / hostess during lunch an additional cost for meals of drivers & guides mightbe charged.

 09:30 — 17:30 Tashkent city sightseeing with inside visits to the main attractions

Tashkent is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in ex-Soviet Central Asia with a population iof 2,485,900. It is located in the north-east of the country close to the border with Kazakhstan.

Before Islam influence started in the 8th century AD, Tashkent was influenced by the Sogdian and Turkic cultures in its early history. After its destruction by Genghis Khan in 1219, the city was rebuilt and profited from the Silk Road. From 18th to 19th century, the city became an independent city-state, before being re-conquered by the Khanate of Kokand. In 1865, it fell to the Russian Empire, and became the capital of Russian Turkestan. In Soviet times, Tashkent witnessed major growth and demographic changes due to forced deportations from throughout the Soviet Union. Much of the city was destroyed in the 1966 Tashkent earthquake, though it was rebuilt afterwards as a model Soviet city. It was the fourth-largest city of the Soviet Union at the time, after Moscow, Leningrad and Kiev.

Today, as the capital of an independent Uzbekistan, Tashkent retains a multi-ethnic population, with ethnic Uzbeks as the majority. In 2009, the city celebrated its 2,200 years of written history.

During this full-day tour you will visit all the main historical places of Tashkent:

Khast Imam Complex (XVI-XX cc.)

— eastern market Chor-Su

— Abdul Kasim Medressa where we can see a lot of souvenirs workshops (XIX c.) Break for lunch

After lunch, continuation of exploring Tashkent.

— Applied Arts Museum where kept the best Uzbek handicrafts

— Independence Square – the main square in Uzbekistan

— Alisher’s Navoi Uzbek state Opera and Ballet Theatre

— Monument of Courage dedicated to earthquake in 1966 year.

 Abdul Kasim Medressa

The Abulkasym Madrassah is a historically significant building located in Tashkent, Tashkent Province, Uzbekistan. The building was the location of the signing of a peace treaty in 1865 following the Russian capture of Tashkent.

Abdulkasim madrasah was built in the XVI century and is located between the old and new parts of Tashkent. The complex consisted of a madrasa, a mosque, and a bathhouse. In the XIX century, during the restoration, the second floor was completed. In the late nineteenth century, the madrasah was named madrasah Abdulkasim-Ishan. This complex is included in the list of protected historical monuments of Uzbekistan. There are 20 hujr rooms in the madrasa, where the workshops of the Art Academy of Uzbekistan «Hunarmand»are located. Each workshop is a mini-exhibition of works by local artisans, many of whom are members of the Academy of Arts of Uzbekistan. Here you will find the best unique miniatures painted on wood, silk or leather, jewelry, paintings, etc. But truly you will be pleased with a set of unusual chess, made in the Eastern style. The variety of national Souvenirs will pleasantly surprise even a seasoned traveler. Abdulkasimhan was a follower of the Sufi teachings of Bahauddin Naqshbandi and a great thinker of that time. He also became famous for his charitable activities, i.e. he donated almost all of his income to the needs of madrasas. There is a version among the people that in the last days of his life, Abdulkasimhan saved the residents from the cholera epidemic. And it happened as follows: during a severe epidemic in Tashkent, the clergy gathered and decided to make a sacrifice to Allah in order to stop the disease. But the day after the prayer night, Abdulkasimhan declared that he had taken on the disease and offered his life as a sacrifice to Allah. Surprisingly, after Abdulkasimov died of cholera, the city really left a disease. The local clergy considered that his death had softened the wrath of Allah, since he was considered a pious person. The word «madrasah» means an educational institution in Arabic. Previously, the madrasah was painted with quotations from the Koran and only two quotations (Beit) in Tajik have survived to this day. Quotes reveal the secret of the year of construction of the madrasah and the meaning of the name of the madrasah, i.e. it is believed that this madrasah contains the hair of the prophet Muhammad, because of which it was decided to build a madrasah worthy of preserving such a Holy relic. It was possible to decipher the secret of the construction of the madrasah, encrypted in preserved quotations, with the help of the science of abjad, where the letters of the Arabic alphabet correspond to certain numbers. Hence, scientists calculated the year of construction -1849, respectively. Several structures were added to the madrasa depending on the needs of the students, i.e. later two baths, a wooden mosque with a small courtyard and a fountain were built.

 Khast-Imam Complex

Khast Imam (Khazrati Imam) is a unique historical complex dedicated to outstanding and influential public figures who have been building monuments here since the middle of the 10th century to the present day. Their main goal has always been and will be the preservation, enrichment and development of the Islamic religion and the culture of the Central Asian peoples.

The original holy book of Muslims — Khalifa Usmans «Quran» is presented on an open display here. It was written in the middle of the 7th century. Written in calligraphic letters, it can easily be read to this day, since all the letters are clearly visible and well read. The book is written on the leather of a deer. Thanks to the «Quran» of Caliph Usman, today Khast Imam is one of the most revered places for Ziyarat (pilgrimage) — visiting holy places.

Khast Imam is also interesting to people who study history, art, culture and appreciate old, unusually beautiful places.

Multi-chamber mausoleum-khanaka of Khast Imam Abubekr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi. He was a philosopher, writer, diplomat, theologian, born in 903. In the middle of the 10th century, Muhammad Kaffal managed to preserve Islam when Shash (Tashkent) was conquered by Karakhanids who were not Muslims. With the help of his diplomatic giftedness and deep understanding of the foundations and principles of then Islamic doctrines, Khast Imam coped with this task. And the new khans learned and adopted this knowledge with interest.

Madrasah Barakhan. It was erected by Barakkhan for a talented poet of the 16th century, a historian and spiritual mentor Zainutdin Vasifi (a student of Alisher Navoi). In this madrasah, Vasifi worked hard and published the book «Badai al-Wakai», in which he included not only the amazing stories of his people, memoirs, poems, but also funny stories about the Timurids and Shaybanids

The Namazgokh Mosque. It was built for the soldiers of the Kokand garrison in the middle of the 18th century. Designed for prayers and services during the holidays of Kurban-Bayram (Eid al-Adha)

Madrasah Mui Muborak. Now it is a library of annals and collections of manuscript books about Islam. The original Qur'an, published by Caliph Usman in the 7th century AD is kept here.

The main commemoration mosque Khazret Imam (2008). It was designed by modern architects and in the style of the 16th century. Yellow bricks were used for lining the building. Calligraphic inscriptions were made at the entrance to the mosque. Its beauty fascinates: patterns and ornaments like spilled waves in the sea are poured on glazed tiles from light blue to black-blue colors.

Islamic Institute named after Al Bukhori (1960). The only higher educational institution in the Soviet Union, which produces preachers and theologians of Islam. The merit of creating such an educational institution belongs to Ziyautdinhan ibn Eshon Babakhon.

It should be noted that Eshon Babakhon, like Muhammad Kafal, is a symbolic figure in the preservation and development of Islam. It was Eshon Babakhon who in 1943 applied to the Supreme Commander of the USSR I.V. Stalin with a request to restore in Central Asia the spiritual center of Muslims. After the repressions, when religion was banned in the early 30s of the 20th century, after Eshon Babakhon's imprisonment he nevertheless took heart and continued his activity. He also created CASDM — Central Asian Spiritual Directorate of Muslims, and Barakhkhan Madrasah became his residence. He is buried in the mausoleum of Muhammad Kafal.

Mystically, such important figures of culture and religion of Uzbekistan were all in one place – Khast Imam.

The mausoleum of Kafal fell into decay and was reconstructed many times, but still managed to remain its original appearance by common efforts. This is the uniqueness of the complex of Khast Imam, which formed during more than ten centuries. And contemporaries with gratitude turned this place into the spiritual center of Muslims.

 Minor Mosque

The modern mosque built in 2013 differs from other religious buildings because is not made of bricks, which is used in traditional methods, but of white marble, that is why the mosque is called «snowy» among the locals. Indeed, the sun's rays reflected on the marble make the mosque seem to shine and sparkle. Moreover, it gets special beauty in snowy winter, when it looks like a real snow castle under a layer of snow decorated with shining night lights.

The white mosque is decorated with two minarets and a traditional blue dome, and the interior is simply amazing with its beauty and grandeur. Along with elegantly decorated walls, a huge dome is also fascinating — a real work of art. The mosque is quite large; it can accommodate more than 2400 people and is equipped with special rooms for voodoo (ritual ablution of Muslims). It has everything needed for a prayer.

From the very first day of its opening, the mosque has turned into one of the main spiritual centers of Tashkent that now gathers hundreds of Muslims, becoming one of the most important sights of our city.

 

14:00 Lunch at the local restaurant

A variety of Uzbek national dishes impresses with its unusual quantity and amazing taste.

Everyone who has been in Uzbekistan, is immediately known such dishes as Uzbek pilaf, samsa, shashlik, manti, shurpa, lagman, khanum and many others.

Definitely, the first dish that is associated with Uzbekistan is pilaw (plov). Just pilaw itself has several dozens of recipes. The peculiarities of the recipe depend on the region in which you will taste this dish. So, there are Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khorezm, Fergana and other types of pilaw and each has its own identity. In 2017, a festival was held in Tashkent city, whereon a family of hereditary cooks surprised the world with the preparation of a giant cooking pot of pilaw weighing 8 tons. This event was unprecedented, and the pilaw-record holder was entered the Guinness Book of Records.

Samsa is considered a separate traditional Uzbek dish of flour, which the Uzbek people can cook almost from any product, depending on the season. But traditionally Uzbek samsa is baked from flavour with different kinds of meat. Traditional Uzbek samsa is cooked in tandyr (Central Asian stove). But there is also a kind of samsa (usually triangular and square shape), which is prepared in the electric and gas ovens.

Talking about shashlik one immediately imagines sappy flavoured meat on the skewer. The traditional Uzbek shashlik is cooked from mutton, but it also can be prepared from beef, poultry, chicken and fish. This dish is very delicious and nourishing at the same time.

Manty — traditional dish for Uzbek people. It is the pieces of meat wrapped in thin dough. The main feature of manty is that the dish is definitely steamed. So the dish keeps a great deal of useful properties. As many other Uzbek traditional dishes, manty is very tasteful and nourishing cooking.

 15:30 — 16:30 Chorsu Bazaar — traditional local market with tasting of national sweets and species

Chorsu bazaar, Tashkent’s best-known market, is impressive both inside and out. Like a Pantheon for vegetables, its enormous aquamarine carapace sets the stage for the daily bustle of thousands of shoppers looking for the freshest ingredients.

Chorsu Bazaar should be a daily run for vegetarians looking for variety. In season, pomegranates, persimmons, apricots, grapes, strawberries and different types of melons overwhelm the bazaar. All ingredients for plov are sold here in the mountainous quantities wedding feasts require.

Bread, dairy products and rice are offered in caleidoscopic variety. Hawkers of colourful spices, nuts and dried fruits are the big charmers in the bazaar: watch out, they know how to sell. The selection of vegetables on Chorsu remains limited in range, still reflecting Uzbek nomadic heritage. Compare the relative leguminous quiet to the busy exchange over at the meat pavillion.

Opening hours: every day

 16:30 — 17:30 Tashkent Metro Tour

Do not miss the opportunity to travel along the Tashkent metro. The metro of Tashkent has been very popular among the visitors of this beautiful city. And not only as the first metro that was built in the whole of Central Asia, but also as a magnificent architectural monument that occupies a worthy place among the attractions that make up the cultural image of the capital. Three metro lines, twenty-nine stations throughout the city, one of which is a kind of small Museum, a monument that reflects a particular episode of the country's history and culture. Others are striking in their grandeur and monumentality.

Open: 05:00 — 00:00

Cost: 25 cents

 19:00 Alisher’s Navoi Uzbek state Opera and Ballet Theatre

The State Academic Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Theatre named after Alisher Navoi is deservedly considered the leading theatre of Uzbekistan, its national pride, the attractive center of musical and theatrical culture. It has a glorious history, rich in wonderful traditions. This history is a powerful foundation of that high culture and skill, thanks to which the opera and ballet theatre has gained worldwide fame. For nine decades, the theatre accumulated achievements, polished the range of expressive means, experience has been improved, humanistic principles has been worked out and developed. The theatre has absorbed all the wealth of the national and world classical heritage and created unique samples of Uzbek musical and stage art.

The history of the theatre begins with the professional Concert and Ethnographic Ensemble, organized by the coryphaeus of national culture, the ardent enthusiast of theatrical art, the People's Artist of Uzbekistan Mukhiddin Kari-Yakubov in the mid-1920s.

A tireless musical and public figure and talented organizer M. Kari-Yakubov searched for talented artists and found them all over the country, took care of their professional development, putting into practice the idea of ​​establishing a national academic theatre group. At that time, the troupe of the ensemble was comprised of young creative forces, who subsequently became popular and honored workers of culture, the State Prize laureate artists, such as Tamara Khanum, Halima Nasyrova, Gavkhar Rakhimova, Zukhur Kabulov, Babarakhim Mirzaev, Lutfikhanym Sarymsakova, Usta Alim Kamilov, Mukarram Turgunbaeva, Rosiya Karimova, Karim Zakirov, Pulatjon Rakhimov, and such playwrights as Gulyam Zafari, Sharofiddin Khurshid, Kamil Yashen, such composers and conductors as Mukhtar Ashrafi, Tolibjon Sadykov.

On the basis of this creative team, in November 1929, the State Uzbek Musical Theatre was created, which, in the course of historical development, became a complex organism, incorporating the art of choreography, vocal, drama and many other forms of art, which today is the SABT named after Alisher Navoi. M. Kari-Yakubov became the first director and art director of the State Uzbek Musical Theatre, and the dance troupe headed by talented dancer Tamara Khanum. The young team performed with great success not only at home, but also far beyond its borders – in Belgium, Holland, France, England, Egypt, Russia, Tatarstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, hitting everyone with its national identity, vivid artistic temperament, amazing Musicality.

Theater address: Zip code 100029. 28, Zarafshon str., Tashkent, Uzbekistan

 Dinner at the Restaurant CARAVAN

It is true that Caravan is the frst truly Uzbek restaurant to open in the capital of Uzbekistan.

Here at Caravan, antiquity and modernity intertwine like two grapevines, so close and harmonious that you may wonder if you are in the past or the present.

Te restaurant resembles the comfortable and hospitable home of an Uzbek grandma, full of mystery with secluded nooks and crannies.Te air here is flled with the scents

of anticipation. What to taste? Try it all! You are welcome to be our guest again and again.

The interior:

Inside the Caravan you’ll fnd an abundance of traditional oriental household objects and features, including carpets, terra cotta pots, ceramic tiles, embroideries

and comfortable furniture in a harmonious combination of rustic simplicity, traditional architecture and a modern design approach.

The music:

The musical theme within the Caravan features masters of oriental folklore music plus the region’s fnest jazz groups.

The advantages:

A creative, life-afrming environment that combines the best of traditional crafsmanship, contemporary art and elegant cuisine, all blended into a harmonious world of beauty and discriminating taste.

 OPTIONAL: Dinner at Restaurant Sato

The restaurant got its name from an ancient Uzbek stringed bowed musical instrument. Its sound is as fascinating today as it was a thousand years ago. Here, in luxury and luxury, the restaurant menu offers dishes from different regions of not only Uzbekistan, but also Central Asian countries, prepared according to ancient, newly revived recipes. The unusual interior gives the restaurant a resemblance to the residence of the Emir. Restaurant «Sato» is an amazing combination of holiday and peace. Here day turns to night, and night meets a new day. Any time of the day corresponds to the mood of the guests.

Opening Hours: 11:00 — 03:00

 

DAY 3 — 21st July 2020, Tuesday

 07:30 — Early check-out and transfer from the Hotel to the Airport

Transfer from the hotel to the airport will take about 30 min.

The new airport building was commissioned in Tashkent in 1976. Since then millions of people have used its services.14 international routes were open. Including charter flights, the specialists of the capital airport render serve aircrafts flying to almost all countries of Asia and Europe.

In 1995-96 with the assistance of «Shtrabag» and «Fox» as well as Frankfurt-on Maine airport the south and north landing strips were fully reconstructed and equipped with the latest landing signaling systems produced by «Siemens». After that the airport got the second ICAO category and reconstructed the building of domestic airlines where republican transportations are served.

In 2001 the reconstruction of the air building was finished. This allowed the airport of the central airlines to become one of the largest and most comfortable buildings equipped with the latest facilities.

At the same time modern equipment was purchased to render services to passengers and land maintains of all aircraft types.

The reconstruction of landing strips, air building, the latest equipment allowed «Tashkent» international airport to render services to the passengers more comfortably and on higher quality as well as maintain all types of aircrafts used all over the world.

 Must Know: City of Samarkand

Samarkand is a city in south-eastern Uzbekistan and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Central Asia. There is evidence of human activity in the area of the city from the late Paleolithic era, though there is no direct evidence of when Samarkand was founded; some theories propose that it was founded between the 8th and 7th centuries B.C. Prospering from its location on the Silk Road between China and the Mediterranean, at times Samarkand was one of the greatest cities of Central Asia.

The city is noted for being an Islamic center for scholarly study and the birthplace of the Timurid Renaissance. In the 14th century it became the capital of the empire of Timur (Tamerlane) and is the site of his mausoleum (the Gur-e Amir). The Bibi-Khanym Mosque, rebuilt during the Soviet era, remains one of the city's most notable landmarks. Samarkand's Registan square was the ancient centre of the city, and is bound by three monumental religious buildings. The city has carefully preserved the traditions of ancient crafts: embroidery, gold embroidery, silk weaving, engraving on copper, ceramics, carving and painting on wood. In 2001, UNESCO added the city to its World Heritage List as Samarkand – Crossroads of Cultures.

Modern Samarkand is divided into two parts: the old city, and the new city developed during the days of the Russian Empire and Soviet Union. The old city includes historical monuments, shops and old private houses, while the new city includes administrative buildings along with cultural centres and educational institutions.

 Transfer from the Airport to the hotel

Transfer from the airport to the city center will take about 30 min.

The airport's passenger terminal can accommodate about 400 people a day. The terminal has VIP and CIP halls, ticket offices and other services.

In 1995-96 with the assistance of «Shtrabag» and «Fox» as well as Frankfurt-on Maine airport the south and north landing strips were fully reconstructed and equipped with the latest landing signaling systems produced by «Siemens». After that the airport got the second ICAO category and reconstructed the building of domestic airlines where republican transportations are served.

In 2001 the reconstruction of the air building was finished. This allowed the airport of the central airlines to become one of the largest and most comfortable buildings equipped with the latest facilities.

At the same time modern equipment was purchased to render services to passengers and land maintains of all aircraft types.

 Hotel Registon Samarkand 4*

The Registan Plaza hotel was built in 2003. The old name is «President Palace». It is located on University Boulevard, near the symbolic border between the «old» and» new» city. The Timurid dynastic tomb, the Gur Emir mausoleum, is a 5 – minute walk away. The airport can be reached in no more than 15 minutes and the train station can be reached in a little less time. The interior of the hotel is designed in an elegant European style. The rooms are equipped with air conditioning, mini-bars and satellite TV channels. The service Desk is available 24 hours a day. Internet access-Wi-Fi-is available throughout the hotel.

Number of rooms: 165

CHECK-IN: 14:00

CHECK-OUT: 12:00

 DiliMah Premium Luxury Samarkand 4*

«DiliMah Premium Luxury» hotel offers guests a modern and elegant place to stay in one of the most ancient cities in the world, in Samarkand — Crossroads of Cultures. Conveniently situated between the train station and the old town, our hotel is the ideal base for a business trip or a city break in Samarkand. The city’s top tourist attractions are also within easy reach: you will find the Formidable Tamerlane Mausoleum Gur Emir, Rukhabad mausoleum, and of course Registan Square, all within a 5km radius.

The hotel offers its guests a series of services and facilities that aim to make them feel comfortable and welcome from the very first moment of their booking, to their warm and welcoming arrival and throughout their entire stay in Samarkand. It’s a fantastic place with luxury appointments, incredible dining and staff who simply can’t do enough to make your stay a pleasure.

Hotel «DiliMah» — Airport: 7,4 km

Hotel «DiliMah» — Train Station: 2,6 km

Number of rooms: 41

 Sultan Boutique Hotel Samarkand 4*

The boutique 4-star Sultan Hotel Boutique offers soundproof guestrooms. Sultan Hotel Boutique comprises of 17 rooms.

The venue is set within a 30-minute walking distance from Samarkand city centre, 1300 metres away from Art Gallery Happy Bird. The accommodation is 20 minutes' walking distance from Central Bazaar. The property is 10 km from Samarkand airport.

Fitted with carpeted floors, the rooms feature free Wi-Fi, a private safe and a trouser press. Many rooms offer a terrace view. Sultan Hotel Boutique also provides guests with a dishwasher, tea and coffee making equipment and a fridge.

 13:00 — 15:00 Lunch at National house with cooking class of making pilaf

You should definitely visit one of the original national houses, which are named after the owner or hostess: «At Ilkhom», «Laziz House», «Doston House» and many other national houses ready open their homes to personally show the hospitality of the Uzbek people. Here you can taste the real Uzbek dishes cooked in the best traditions of the famous Uzbek cuisine: flavored shurpa, juicy manti, somsa, a master class in pilaf cooking and this is not the whole list that will be offered for every taste of the most sophisticated gourmet. But these national houses are famous not only for home-made national cuisine, but also for master classes, where you will have the opportunity to observe the preparation of the national dish from beginning to end. And when you return to your homeland and miss the sunny Uzbekistan, you yourself will be able to cook of acquired skills and gather close people at home, as in an oriental and hospitable dastarkhan.

 15:00 City sightseeing in Samarkand with inside visits to the main attractions

Samarkand is famous for being one of the most important sites on the Silk Road and the city has been at the crossroads of world cultures for more than two millennia.

It’s one of the oldest cities in the world. It was founded around the 7th century BC, making it even older than Rome! One of the main reasons to visit Samarkand is to marvel at the stunning Islamic architecture of its mosques and mausoleums. Poets and historians described the city as «The Pearl of the Eastern Muslim World».

During thisl day in Samarkand you will see.

— Central Registan square with the majestic Medressas dated back to different centuries: Ulugbek Medressa (XV c.), Sher-Dor Medressa (XVII c.) and the Tilya Kori Medressa (XVII c.)

— Gur – Emir Mausoleum – the famous necropolis of Tamerlane (XIV-XV cc.)

— famous oriental Bazaar Siyob

— Bibi-Khanum Mosque dedicated to one of Tamerlane’s wife (XIV-XV cc.)

— Shohi-Zinda memorial Complex (XI-XV cc.)

— Ulugbek Observatory – one of the greatest in the middle ages.

 17:00 — 19:00 Theatre of historical costume «El Merosi» in Samarkand WITH MUSICAL PERFORMANCE

Welcome to the only theater of historical costume in Central Asia, where you will find an unforgettable immersion in the world of bright colors and historical images.One of the main gifts of the Hellenes to humanity is the theater. That is, the art of public acting. Each performance has its own soul and handwriting. And how much is hidden behind the scenes far from the viewer's eye, it is hard to imagine. The main value of any nation is its centuries-old culture. It is culture that unites spiritually and constitutes true wealth. The Uzbek ethnographic heritage is rich and diverse.

In the theater you can get acquainted with the life, philosophy, customs and traditions of the region's inhabitants from ancient times to the present. The theater presents costumes of various historical periods, which became the annals of the life of our ancestors. The costumes have been recreated as historically accurately as possible from the collections of the leading world museums in the Hermitage, the Milan Museum of History, the British History Museum, the Royal Institute of Arts and History in Brussels, the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, the bas-reliefs and frescoes of Persepolis, Afrasiab, Penjikent, and ancient Behzod’s miniatures and historical chronicles Shah-Name, Bobur-Name, Zafar-Name. When sewing costumes, rough fabrics, hides, leather, silk, velvet, brocade, and handmade fabrics were used. To date, the theater has created more than two hundred unique costumes.

The performance consists of 12 theatrical fragments, episodes. Fragments of various musical works were used as the musical background in the program. This includes classical national music (nai, gidzhak, dutar and doira), a medley of oriental melodies performed by foreign performers and musicians of Uzbekistan. The current «sound effects» are also used — the sounds of nature, historical battles, the clang of swords and even the stamping and wheezing of horses.

You have a unique opportunity to plunge into the ancient history of our glorious land, to feel the unshakable spirit of the Sak and Massaget warriors, to feel the power of the legendary Persian dynasty of the Achaemenids, to witness the procession of ambassadors to the court of the Sogdian ruler Varkhuman. A warm breeze will blow you from the fans of Korean and Chinese dancers, light and graceful. The frantic, incendiary lazgi dance and original Uzbek wedding will not leave anyone indifferent.

 20:00 Welcome Dinner at the hotel

We recommend you to have your first dinner at the hotel. Hotel restaurants offer usually 3 course dinner, which includes salad, main course, dessert and tea/coffee, min water.It can be changed according to the client’s demands.

 

DAY 4 — 22nd July 2020, Wednesday

 09:00 — 17:00 City sightseeing in Samarkand with inside visits to main attractions

Samarkand is famous for being one of the most important sites on the Silk Road and the city has been at the crossroads of world cultures for more than two millennia.

It’s one of the oldest cities in the world. It was founded around the 7th century BC, making it even older than Rome! One of the main reasons to visit Samarkand is to marvel at the stunning Islamic architecture of its mosques and mausoleums. Poets and historians described the city as «The Pearl of the Eastern Muslim World».

During thisl day in Samarkand you will see.

— Central Registan square with the majestic Medressas dated back to different centuries: Ulugbek Medressa (XV c.), Sher-Dor Medressa (XVII c.) and the Tilya Kori Medressa (XVII c.)

— Gur – Emir Mausoleum – the famous necropolis of Tamerlane (XIV-XV cc.)

— famous oriental Bazaar Siyob

— Bibi-Khanum Mosque dedicated to one of Tamerlane’s wife (XIV-XV cc.)

— Shohi-Zinda memorial Complex (XI-XV cc.)

— Ulugbek Observatory – one of the greatest in the middle ages.

 09:30 Visit to Registon Square

Registan was the heart of the ancient city of Samarkand of the Timurid Empire, now located in Uzbekistan. The name Rēgistan means «sandy place» or «desert»in Persian. Registan was a public square where people gathered to hear the Royal proclamations announced by the explosions of huge copper pipes called jarchis, and a place of public executions. It is framed by three madrasas (Islamic schools) with characteristic Islamic architecture. This square was considered the center of the Timurid Renaissance.

The three madrasahs of the Registan are: the Ulugh Beg Madrasah (1417–1420), the Tilya-Kori Madrasah (1646–1660) and the Sher-Dor Madrasah (1619–1636). Madrasah is an Arabic term meaning school.

Ulugh Beg Madrasah (1417–1420)

The Ulugh Beg Madrasah, built by Ulugh Beg during the Timurid Empire era of Timur—Tamerlane, has an imposing iwan with a lancet-arch pishtaq or portal facing the square. The corners are flanked by high minarets. The mosaic panel over the iwan's entrance arch is decorated by geometrical stylized ornaments. The square courtyard includes a mosque and lecture rooms, and is fringed by the dormitory cells in which students lived. There are deep galleries along the axes. Originally the Ulugh Beg Madrasah was a two-storied building with four domed darskhonas (lecture rooms) at the corners.

The Ulugh Beg Madrasah was one of the best clergy universities of the Muslim Orient in the 15th Century CE. Abdul-Rahman Jami, the great Persian poet, scholar, mystic, scientist and philosopher studied at the madrasah.[1] Ulugh Beg himself gave lectures there. During Ulugh Beg's government the madrasah was a centre of learning

Sher-Dor Madrasah (1619–1636)

In the 17th century the ruler of Samarkand, Yalangtush Bakhodur, ordered the construction of the Sher-Dor and Tillya-Kori madrasahs. The tiger mosaics with a rising sun on their back, on the face of each madrassa arch are interesting, in that they flout the ban in Islam of the depiction of living beings on religious buildings, especially as they represent the more ancient Persian Mithraic religious motifs. There is a bit of Zoroastrianism influence in the architecture.

Tilya-Kori Madrasah (1646–1660)

Ten years later the Tilya-Kori Madrasah was built. It was not only a residential college for students, but also played the role of grand masjid (mosque). It has a two-storied main facade and a vast courtyard fringed by dormitory cells, with four galleries along the axes. The mosque building (see picture) is situated in the western section of the courtyard. The main hall of the mosque is abundantly gilded.

 10:30 Visit to Bibi-Khanym Mosque

The mosque Bibi-Khanym Mosque s one of the most important monuments of Samarkand. In the 15th century it was one of the largest and most magnificent mosques in the Islamic world. By the mid-20th century only a grandiose ruin of it still survived, but major parts of the mosque were restored during the Soviet period.

According to the manuscripts, the mosque was erected by the order of Timur in 1399-1405. It possesses the traits typical for many Muslim medieval constructions, especially aivanyard compositions. Its outer walls enclose a rectangular area which measures 167 metres (182.63 yards) in length and 109 metres (119.20 yards) wide and runs roughly from northeast to southwest — the Qibla accordingly. However the size of the site vacant of covered galleries was only 78 by 64 meters.

 11:30 Visit to Gur – Emir Mausoleum

The Gūr-i Amīr or Guri Amir is a mausoleum of the Asian conqueror Timur (also known as Tamerlane) in Samarkand. It occupies an important place in the history of Persian-Mongolian Architecture as the precursor and model for later great Mughal architecture tombs, including Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and the Taj Mahal in Agra, built by Timur's Persianised descendants, the ruling Mughal dynasty of Indian Subcontinent. It has been heavily restored.

Gur-e Amir is Persian for «Tomb of the King». This architectural complex with its azure dome contains the tombs of Tamerlane, his sons Shah Rukh and Miran Shah and grandsons Ulugh Beg and Muhammad Sultan. Also honoured with a place in the tomb is Timur's teacher Sayyid Baraka.

The construction of the mausoleum itself began in 1403 after the sudden death of Muhammad Sultan, Tamerlane's heir apparent and his beloved grandson, for whom it was intended. Timur had built himself a smaller tomb in Shahrisabz near his Ak-Saray palace. However, when Timur died in 1405 on campaign on his military expedition to China, the passes to Shahrisabz were snowed in, so he was buried here instead. Ulugh Beg, another grandson of Tamerlane, completed the work. During his reign the mausoleum became the family crypt of the Timurid Dynasty.

 12:30 Visit to Shohi-Zinda necropolis

Shohi-Zinda is a necropolis in the north-eastern part of Samarkand.

The Shah-i-Zinda Ensemble includes mausoleums and other ritual buildings of 9-14th and 19th centuries. The name Shah-i-Zinda (meaning «The living king») is connected with the legend that Kusam ibn Abbas, a cousin of the prophet Muhammad, is buried here. He came to Samarkand with the Arab invasion in the 7th century to preach Islam. Popular legends speak that he was beheaded for his faith, but he didn't die, took his head and went into the deep well (Garden of Paradise), where he's still living now.

The Shah-i-Zinda complex was formed over eight (from 11th till 19th) centuries and now includes more than twenty buildings.

The ensemble comprises three groups of structures: lower, middle and upper connected by four-arched domed passages locally called chartak. The earliest buildings date back to the 11-12th centuries. Mainly their bases and headstones have remained now. The most part dates back to the 14-15th centuries. Reconstructions of the 16-19th centuries were of no significance and did not change the general composition and appearance.

The initial main body — Kusam-ibn-Abbas complex — is situated in the northeastern part of the ensemble. It consists of several buildings. The most ancient of them, the Kusam-ibn-Abbas mausoleum and mosque (16th century), are among them.

The upper group of buildings consists of three mausoleums facing each other. The earliest one is Khodja-Akhmad Mausoleum (1340s), which completes the passage from the north. The Mausoleum of 1361, on the right, restricts the same passage from the east.

The middle group consists of the mausoleums of the last quarter of the 14th century — first half of the 15th century and is concerned with the names of Timur's relatives, military and clergy aristocracy. On the western side the Mausoleum of Shadi Mulk Aga, the niece of Timur, stands out. This portal-domed one-premise crypt was built in 1372. Opposite is the Mausoleum of Shirin Bika Aga, Timur's sister.

Next to Shirin-Bika-Aga Mausoleum is the so-called Octahedron, an unusual crypt of the first half of the 15th century

Near the multi-step staircase the most well proportioned buildings of the lower group is situated. It is a double-cupola mausoleum of the beginning of the 15th century. This mausoleum is devoted to Kazi Zade Rumi, who was the scientist and astronomer. Therefore the double-cupola mausoleum which was built by Ulugbek above his tomb in 1434-1435th has the height comparable with cupolas of the royal family's mausoleums.

The main entrance gate to the ensemble (Darvazakhana or the first chartak) turned southward was built in 1434-1435 under Ulugbek.

 13:30 Lunch at Old Arba Restaurant

The territory of the restaurant includes three spacious halls. For small groups, as well as for individual visitors, there are cozy smaller halls.

Staraya Arba is famous for its national and European dishes.. You should definitely try our national dishes.

Restaurant «Old Arba» is located in the European part of the city, two steps from the University Boulevard, near the Alekseyevsky Cathedral, next to the hotel «Arba».

Open: 09:00 — 00:00

Capacity: 250 pax

Cuisune: national and european

 15:30 Visit to Ulugbek Observatory — YOU WILL WATCH THROUGH THE OLD TELESCOPE

The Ulugbek Observatory is one of the most sophisticated observatories of the Middle Ages. It was built by Ulugbek in Samarkand in 1424. Ulugbek was distinguished by his craving and desire to study sciences from an early age. His visit to Sultania during a military campaign with his great grandfather Amir Temur urged him to construct his own observatory. In Sultania he saw a real scientific center – an observatory belonging to the Azerbaijani scientist Nasir ad-Din Tuy. Young Ulugbek so strongly imbued with what he saw that he decided to put his plans into life. The main assistants in the construction were well-known astronomers Kazy-zade Rumi and Dshemshid Kashi.

The most important instrument in the observatory was the sextant, a navigation measuring instrument that measured the height of the stars and the sun above the horizon. Ulugbek and his associates conducted numerous astronomical observations, one of the main achievements among which was the book «Zidzhi Dzhadidi Guragani» ( «New Astronomical Tables»). It contained descriptions of more than 1000 stars. This work had long been popular in the East; this kind of researches were conducted in Europe only in the XVII century. The observatory functioned for another 20 years after the death of Ulugbek in 1449.

Only a small part of the observatory has been preserved until now and the museum was founded on its site. Many tourists come to see the unique astronomical device, photographs from excavations, various astronomical instruments, to get to know Ulugbek's devotion, the passion of his whole life. During the excursions, at sunset, guides offer tourists to watch stars through the telescope, talk about the stars discovered by Ulugbek and his close companions, immerse in the endless beauty of the night sky.

 16:30 Samarkand carpet factory «Hudzhum» WITH MASTER CLASS OF CARPET MAKING

Visit the famous Samarkand carpet factory «Hojom» where 400 workers weave silk carpets by hand. You will have the opportunity to see the full process of carpet making from the very beginning to the end as well as to buy a unique piece of carpet «first hand». The main purposes of carpet production are to recreate ancient designs and to develop new patterns of good quality carpets and also to renew the technology of their production.

The carpets at the factory are mainly made on request and there is a demand for them, they are sold all over the Middle East. The prices for silk carpets are quite reasonable, although a handmade silk carpet is a luxury which cannot be afforded by everyone. Mostly young women work at the factory: they draw the backing, tie knots from threads making a carpet, die threads.

Only natural dyes are used in the process and some of those dyes grow quite near to the factory walls, for example madder is grown in the dyeing shop yard.

Address: 12a, Hojom Str., Samarkand province

 19:00 Dinner at the Restaurant Karim Bek

Restaurant Karim Bek opened in 2004, and has already become one of the most popular places in Samarkand.

It has a very good location, at the crossroads of the two main streets of the town, Gagarina and Amir Temur. Famous designers were involved in order to create a stylish design and a harmonious atmosphere of European comfort and oriental generosity.

You have the opportunity to taste an enormous selection of our famous shashlik. Also, our chef is ready to offer you masterpieces of European cuisine and exclusive dishes, such as a delicate chicken fillet stuffed with mushrooms, and baked mutton loin.

Add to all this professional service and a natural and cozy atmosphere, and you will understand the reason why the restaurant Karim Bek is always full of guests.

In our Bar you will be offered the most popular cocktails, many different spirits, many varieties of Uzbek wines, and of course fresh draft beer. You will be astonished by the variety and originality of the different kinds of dishes and snacks.

Here you have the opportunity to enjoy live musical performances on our stage.

 

DAY 5 — 23rd July 2020, Thursday

 07:30 Check-out from the hotel and Transfer from the hotel to the railway station (departure at 09:50)

Transfer to the railway station of Samarquend will take abour 30 minutes. You will have a great 2 hours trip to the beautiful city of Bukhara where you will spend two exciting days as well as the ancient city of Nurata.

 11:20 arrival to the railway station of Bukhara & transfer to the hotel

The region's capital Bukhara is being served by the railway station Kagan. The town is situated 13 km to the south-east from Bukhara city 235 meters above the sea level. Within the bounds of the development of the Caspian Railway in 1888 here was built the raiway station and founded the Russian settlement New Bukhara (renamed to it's actual name, Kagan, in 1935). The station soon became an important center of the goods traffic and the attration for the local people and the newcomers.

12:00 Check-in at Suzangaron Hotel

 

Located in Bukhara, Suzangaron Hotel features a terrace. Each accommodation at the 4-star hotel has city views, and guests can enjoy access to a restaurant and to a bar. The accommodation provides a 24-hour front desk, room service and currency exchange for guests.

All units are equipped with air conditioning, a flat-screen TV with satellite channels, a fridge, a kettle, a shower, a hairdryer and a desk. At the hotel each room includes a wardrobe and a private bathroom.

 OPTIONAL: Sahid Zarafshon

Sahid Zarafshon has a restaurant, free bikes, a fitness centre and bar in Bukhara. This 4-star hotel offers room service, a shared lounge and free WiFi. The hotel features an outdoor swimming pool, indoor pool, evening entertainment and a 24-hour front desk.

Guest rooms are equipped with air conditioning, a flat-screen TV with satellite channels, a fridge, a kettle, a shower, a hairdryer and a desk. At the hotel each room comes with a wardrobe and a private bathroom.

Sahid Zarafshon offers a continental or buffet breakfast.

The accommodation offers 4-star accommodation with a sauna and terrace. The area is popular for cycling, and bike hire and car hire are available at Sahid Zarafshon.

Check-in: 14:00

Check-out: 12:00

 OPTIONAL: Boutique Hotel Minzifa

Minzifa boutique hotel is located in a traditionally decorated building in the center of Bukhara, 150 meters from the Lyabi-Hauz architectural complex. The hotel offers free Wi-Fi and a 24-hour front Desk. The bright rooms of the minzifa hotel are decorated in an Oriental style and decorated with traditional Uzbek embroidery. All rooms are equipped with a flat-screen TV, refrigerator and air conditioning. A daily Breakfast buffet is served in the hotel's restaurant. It also serves regional Uzbek and European cuisine. Drinks can be enjoyed at the bar located in the hotel's courtyard.

 13:00 Lunch at the local restaurant

During your stay in the city of Nurata you will have the opportunity to have home-made lunch in the local restaurant where all the dishes will be prepared specially for you. You will never forget this experience!

 14:30 Tea Tasting at Tea House «Spices of the Great Silk Road»

The national tea house «Spices of the silk Road» is located in a modern building built in the national style. The interior of this establishment is decorated with Oriental carpets and carved wooden furniture. In the courtyard there are both national trestles and more familiar European tables with chairs and armchairs. One can enjoy drinks prepared with all the skill. There are both traditional coffee and special herbal teas and teas with spices. All this is supplemented with national Uzbek sweets. Continuing the traditions of the Uzbek people, who so loved the process of tea drinking, the national tea house welcomes each guest with all honors.

Open 11:00 — 22:00

 15:30 City sightseeing in Bukhara with inside visits to main attractions

Bukhara is a city unlike any other in Uzbekistan. Walking between the numerous arches and cupolas of the old city feels like walking back in time. But not like traveling back in time to a period where things were less advanced. No, in Bukhara it’s quite the opposite.

During this day you will visit:

— mausoleum of the Samanids (IX-X cc.) — the pearl of Central Asia.

— Chashma Ayub (XII c.), which means «source of Job.»

— Bolo House complex including a reservoir, a Friday mosque and minaret.

— Arc citadel. Inside the citadel was situated a town, which includes residential and office buildings: the mosque, a prison, a harem, the treasury, the residence of the Emir (VII-XIX cc.)

— Poi Kalyan complex (XII-XVI cc.) includes the Kalyan Mosque, Mir-Arab and the famous Kalyan minaret. After lunch, continuation of exploring Bukhara.

— one of the biggest architectural ensembles of Bukhara «Lyabi House.»

— Madrassa «Nadir Devanbegi» was built by order of vizier Nadir-devanbegi shortly after the device pool and logically completed the ensemble «Lyabi- House».

— The oldest mosque Magoki Attori located next to the ensemble «Lyabi House»

-Chor Minor Madrassa (XVIII c.)

 15:45 Mausoleum of the Samanids (IX century)

The mausoleum was built in the IX century in Bukhara at the command of Ismail Samani, the founder of the first centralized state in Central Asia. Mausoleum of the Samanids is the first in Central Asia building that was built of brick, which is used here not only as a building, but also as a decorative material. This mausoleum is one of the places because of which Uzbekistan is worth visiting.

Outside and inside tomb walls were stacked with patterned brickwork of the curly -baked bricks. Specialists include more than twenty configurations used bricks. Facades are decorated with patterns made of brick masonry, laid flat on the edge or corner, as well as specially prepared curly bricks forming circles and other geometric shapes.

 16:30 Bolo House complex

Bolo House complex construction began in the XVII century on the initiative of the ruler of Bukhara-Emir Shahmurad. The Emir wanted to show his people that he was no different from ordinary mortals, so he started building a public mosque, which he planned to visit himself for the traditional Friday prayers. The name «Bolo house» translates as «Children's pond». As you know, there have always been difficulties with water on the territory of Central Asia, which is why special artificial reservoirs were built, which served as a source of drinking water for the people. Water carriers, collecting water in hauzas (reservoirs), in special leather bags carried it to residential areas and bazaars, of course, for a fee. Bolo house was one of these water sources until the 20th century, when the Soviet authorities completely drained it. This was done in order to save the residents of the city from diseases: stagnant water became a source of various diseases, but the local population still used this water, so it was decided to drain the reservoir.

The building of the mosque has an elegant and luxurious appearance, because it was built for the prayers of the ruler. The mosque is decorated with 20 columns that support the ceiling. The columns themselves are made of wood and decorated with elaborate carvings that cover the entire length of the pillars. People call Bolo-Hauz «the mosque of forty pillars», but not because they are mistaken in their calculations, but because of the reflection of these twenty columns in the clear waters of the reservoir. The building dates back more than three centuries, but the mosque continues to function, and believers come here daily to pray. Near the building of the mosque is a minaret, built a little later than the mosque itself. This small building effectively combines the smallness, luxury and elegance of the Asian style. About the minaret, too, there is something to tell: for a long time it was in a slightly tilted position and continued to tilt. This sight was reminiscent of the world-famous leaning tower of Pisa, but during the last reconstruction, which was carried out not so long ago, the building was thoroughly strengthened and now it stands strictly vertical. Today, the Bolo-Hauz complex is one of the most interesting sights of Bukhara.

 19:00 Dinner at Old Bukhara restaurant

In the restaurant «old Bukhara» located in the center of the old city, You can fully appreciate the traditions of hospitality of Uzbekistan. Here you can taste national Uzbek dishes under the charming sounds of Eastern classical music. The restaurant's interior is decorated in a national-old style. Where You can feel yourself in ancient Bukhara.

 

DAY 6 — 24th July 2020, Friday

 08:00 Breakfast at the hotel and transfer to YURT CAMP AYDAR Transport & Guide

Nurata Yurt Camp is located 166 km far from Bukhara city. The transfer will take approximately 2 hours 15 minues. During the trip to Nurata the guide will tell you the history of the city and capm on the shore of Lake Aydarkul which is close to Nurata and wherer we are going to spend overnight and get to know local people.

 11:00 Stop for Nurata city tour with visit to ruins of ancient fortress of Alexander the Great WITH LUNCH

Nurota was founded as the ancient town Nur, in 327 BC by Alexander the Great. The remains of his military fortress in the south of the town are still to be seen today and the water supply system that Alexander had installed is still partially used.

The fortress consisted of several parts, with Shahristan (the inner town) 500×500 meters in size, which was surrounded at that with a large wall and towers. The construction of a fortress at Nurota had a definite purpose, as the town was set in a strategic place at the border between an agricultural area and a wild steppe. This area is mentioned in several historical chronicles as an important strategic area convenient for gathering an army before attacking neighboring lands and as a place of refuge for rebels and outcasts.

The town is also famous as a Muslim pilgrimage place. Muhammad Narshakhi, who wrote about the history of Bukhara in 943, provides information about the settlement Nur, located at the foot of the mountain. Narshakhi wrote» many people, who are buried there, have seen Prophet Muhammad». During the 10th century, pilgrims from Bukhara and other places came to the holy graves situated next to the town fortifications and mosques. Currently, pilgrims continue visiting the holy places. Chashma is a place of pilgrimage of believers and one of the most significant religious centers of Islam in the region. The complex of religious constructions «Chasma» (Tadjik word for spring) includes the spring, a well, mosque «Djuma» and khamom (bathhouse). The round Djuma mosque was constructed above the spring and has 40 columns. The dome, 16 meters in diameter is one of the largest in the Central Asia. On the south-east part of the complex is a Nur-ata cemetery with the burial place of the saint person.

The construction of Kariz, a unique underground water-pipeline system near Nurota, is also connected with the name of the Alexander the Great. Kariz is an ancient water-pipe laid from the source of the spring water to a place where it could be used. Its length could reach several kilometers. Interconnected wells that were dug out in several meters apart from each other, were used for the cleaning the pipeline system. Today the process of reviving these old pipeline systems is taking place. Parts of the pipeline systems near Nurota were restored and being used by local people.

 14:30 Continue tour to Nurata Yurt Camp WITH CAMEL RIDING EXPERIENCE & OVERNIGHT IN YURTS

The Kyzylkum Desert is named after its red sand, it is the 11th-largest desert in the world and spreads across northern Uzbekistan and up into neighbouring Kazakhstan.

Yurt Camp Nurata is located 60 km from Nurata city centre on the shore of Lake Aidarkul, formed from the diverted waters of the Syr-Darya in 1969.

The huge mass of crystal clear water, the sand shores and the remoteness of the lake from large towns are the conditions quite favorable for fishing and birdwatching. The shores of the lake are a home for a great number of species of aquatic and semi-aquatic birds, many of which are included in the Red Book (Dalmatian pelican, little cormorant, black vulture and others). The transparent waters of Aydar Lake are inhabited by the European carp, wels (some specimens of which being truly gigantic), marinka, snakehead, zander, carp, asp and others.

There are up to 25 plant species, fauna is also varied: turtles, lizards, pigeons, see-see partridges, hares. You can often see giant monitor lizards and of course, camels. Camels are domesticated and trained for riding. Two-humped camels are called Bactrian camels. Their range of population is in Central Asia, China, Mongolia

In the daytime you will be able to walk around the camp and ride on camels, which are specially trained. Having made 1-2 hour camel ride, you will see the inimitable in its beauty lake Aydarkul, which stretches 250 km

 Yurt Construction Master Class

During this fascinating class you will construct yurt on you own!

You will know the secrets of yurt building — constructing and decorating it according to ancient traditions of Uzbek people.

 20:00 Dinner at the yurt camp Aydar

After a long and exciting day you will enjoy dinner contemplating the evening sky of Kyzyl Kum Desert. It is a very special experience of being a part of a traditional Uzbek asmosphere with local people and nature.

 

DAY 7 — 25th July 2020, Saturday

 09:00 Breakfast in yurts and transfer to Bukhara

After having delicious breakfast in yurts you will start your way back to the city of Bukhara where you will spend another fascinating day.

 12:30 Check-in at Suzangaron Hotel Bukhara 4*

Located in Bukhara, Suzangaron Hotel features a terrace. Each accommodation at the 4-star hotel has city views, and guests can enjoy access to a restaurant and to a bar. The accommodation provides a 24-hour front desk, room service and currency exchange for guests.

All units are equipped with air conditioning, a flat-screen TV with satellite channels, a fridge, a kettle, a shower, a hairdryer and a desk. At the hotel each room includes a wardrobe and a private bathroom.

 13:30 Lunch at Lyabi Hauz Restaurant

The Lyabi-Hauz restaurant is located in the very center of Bukhara. Skilled chefs of the restaurant will always offer you delicious national and European dishes, the taste of which will forever remain in your memory, because every dish prepared here is a kind of work of art, and good mood and goodwill will be your constant companions. Visiting this cozy place, right by the reservoir of the architectural complex Lyabi-Hauz, you will plunge into the world of ancient civilization and history.

Open: 11:00 — 23:00

 Transport & guide HD — continue exploring Bukhara

Transportation in according to stated time and hours can be used with or without guide. We recommend to have assistance to enable assistance with translation — non English speaking drivers — and providing general help and explanations.The vehicles presented on the pictures above are samples of vehicles used but not necessarily provided during the actual transportation confirmed. Beverages (mineral water) can be supplied only upon extra order. Please note restrictions of drinking and eating in some vehicles. For full day use or assistance of guide / hostess during lunch an additional cost for meals of drivers & guides might be charged.

 15:00 Bath Sauna in Bukhara — relax after a long road

In Bukhara you can visit ancient bath sauna which built in XVI century and still working in accordance with local traditions. Ancient bathhouse is still the same outside and inside and offer same service as in ancient times. All bath rooms are built with condition temperature is higher than in past bathroom. After relaxing in the bath sauna and having massage you will be offered eastern tea with local herbals & sweets.

 17:00 A workshop on painting miniatures in Bukhara

In the heart of Bukhara, among medieval architecture, there are many craft shops where local artisans work hard and the Toshev family one is famous. The family keeps traditions of making miniature paintings, carefully preserving the technology of ancient production.

A full-fledged master class on painting miniatures on silk paper will be offered to your attention and you can take your product after master class, which will remind you of sunny Bukhara.

The master class takes 1-2 hours and is available only booking in advance.

 19:00 FAREWELL Dinner at restaurant Adras WITH FOLK SHOW

Adras — is theater and restaurant, where you will be offered the best dishes of Bukhara cuisine and where you will also enjoy a spectacular show that conveys the customs and traditions of Uzbekistan with the display of traditional national clothing, feel the breath of antiquity, plunge into the atmosphere of the mysterious inviting East, the pearl of which is Bukhara.

Open: 10:00 — 23:00

Capacity: Glass hall — 60 seats

Small hall -30 seats

Open terrace — 80 seats

Patio -30 seats

 

DAY 8 — 26th July 2020, Sunday

 Transfer from the hotel to the airport of Bukhara

The transfer from the hotel to the airport of Bukhara will take 30 min appoximately.

The Bukhara international airport is situated really close to the city, about 15 minutes drive.

Transportation in according to stated time and hours can be used with or without guide. We recommend to have assistance to enable assistance with translation — non English speaking drivers — and providing general help and explanations.The vehicles presented on the pictures above are samples of vehicles used but not necessarily provided during the actual transportation confirmed. Beverages (mineral water) can be supplied only upon extra order. Please note restrictions of drinking and eating in some vehicles. For full day use or assistance of guide / hostess during lunch an additional cost for meals of drivers & guides mightbe charged.